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Repubblica Dominicana: un’inesauribile ed unica destinazione nel mondo

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Frances italiano

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Le spiagge

Con la precisa volontà di fornire ai nostri lettori un giudizio imparziale sulle spiagge della Repubblica Dominicana, che personalmente riteniamo tra le più incantevoli al mondo, abbiamo ritenuto più "oggettivo" riportare un passaggio di una relazione delle Nazioni Uniti sulle spiagge e le coste dell'isola.

"Di tutte le spiagge turistiche del mondo, poche possono vantare una sabbia così fine e un'acqua così cristallina. La sabbia è così bianca, che è difficile credere che sia vera. Si può affermare, senza timore di essere smentiti, che questi sono tra gli angoli più belli del mondo."

Non è possibile visitare la Repubblica Dominicana senza contemplare la straordinaria bellezza delle spiagge dorate della costa settentríonale, bagnata dall'Oceano Atlantico, o lasciarsi conquistare dalle incredibili spiagge bianche della costa meridionale, baciate e abbandonate dal perenne ondeggiare delle cristalline acque caraibiche.

I parchi nazionali

Formato dalle zone ricreative, all'interno dei parchi urbani e dalle riserve scientifiche, il sistema di parchi nazionali è preposto alla conservazione della flora, della fauna e delle bellezze naturali del Paese.

Il Ministero dell"Ambiente è l'ente incaricato di sviluppare, amministrare, organizzare e avere cura del sistema di aree naturalistiche e ricreative, con l'obiettivo di preservare e tramandare ai posteri i tesori nazionali della Repubblica Dominicana per il bene e l'interesse delle generazioni presenti e di quelle future.

Recreational areas are made up of urban parks, among those in the Santo Domingo area are: Aquario Nacional (National Aquarium); Mirador del Norte; Mirador del Sur; Mirador del Este (located at the Faro a Colón –[Columbus Lighthouse]); the Zoológico Nacional (National Zoo); and the Jardín Botánico (Botanical Gardens).

Le aree naturali e riserve scientifiche sono, tra le altre: J. Armando Bermúdez National Park, José del Carmen Ariza, Nacional del Este, Los Haitises, Isla Cabritos, Sierra de Bahoruco, Montecristi ed infine Jaragua, che è la più grande del paese, e la Riserva Scientifica Ébano Verde, situata nelle Provincia La Vega, che è un esempio di un ecosistema forestale subtropicale molto umido, con una temperatura media annuale di 12ºC / 23ºC.

Qui i visitatori hanno la possibilità di osservare molte specie endemiche della flora e della fauna della nostra isola; visitare le sorgenti dei fiumi Camú e Jatubey; farsi una nuotata rinfrescante nel fiume El Arroyazo, uno dei più importanti affluenti del fiume Jimenoa; girare in mountain bike tra le montagne circostanti; campeggiare nella foresta o fare una passeggiata rilassante sul sentiero El Sendero Baño de Nube.

Info: 809-472-4204 | www.medioambiente.gob.do

 

National Botanical Garden

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botanico
 
All known species of the island's flora have been collected, classified and exhibited at the Museo de Historia Natural (Museum of Natural History) as well as at the Jardín Botánico Nacional (National Botanical Garden). The latter resembles a huge emerald island amidst the surrounding urban development. It also bears the name of the prominent Dominican botanist, Dr. Rafael M. Moscoso, founder of the Botanical Institute of the Autonomous University of Santo Domingo.

The National Botanical Garden was ranked by England's Kew Gardens amongst the 10 best in the world, thanks to the research that is taking place here, the environmental education, recreation, maintenance conditions and its live collections.

More than any other native flora, the orchid has been the most studied specimen. Indeed, the term "orchid" is a broad botanical designation covering some 67 major species throughout the island, and 300 classified miniature, rare species. The latter come in fascinating shapes of all kinds, a feature that makes this jewel of nature particularly attractive to collectors. Among them are: oncidium henekenii, shaped like a small tarantula; polyradicium lindeníi, shaped like a toad; oncidium variegatum shaped like a little angel; leonchilus labiatus shaped like a little nun; and, broughtonia domingensii, a beautiful, lilac-colored variety that adorns most of our coastal areas. The National Botanical Garden issues the "not-in-danger-of-extinction" certificate that is necessary to export these.

Apart from offering a relaxing environment and complete contact with nature, the National Botanical Garden offers executives and the general public an ideal location for exercising and enjoying fitness and safety in a protected site that is jealously and meticulously kept by its administration and the walking club that has adopted it as its headquarters. Info: Phone. 809-385-2611 | www.jbn.gob.do

National Zoo

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The Dominican Republic, as a territory in the Caribbean, is endowed with a varied yet peculiar range of animal life. A taxonomy of the island's fauna shows a predominance of the lower species, a rich bird population, and few native mammals.

Among the most interesting native species are the rock-climbing iguanas, of the cyclura type; the hutias, rodents of the solenodon and plagidontia types; the American crocodile, cocodryluys americanus acatus, and our "cigua palmera" Dulus Dominicus – the national bird –, all examples of groups and species exclusive of our Antillean region.
In terms of native terrestrial mammals, there are only two species of the aforementioned hutias— both are an endangered species of great biological value.

Other species of our bird population are: the guaraguao (red-tailed hawk), the zumbador (hummingbird), the barrancolí, the flautero, and the parrots of the Amazona ventralis type, that have been a part of our daily lives well before the Iberian advent.

Of the island's foreign species, the manatee and the whale, both amphibious mammals, are the most exceptional. The humpback whale in particular migrates each winter from the frigid Arctic waters to give birth to its young along the Banco de la Plata (Silver Bank)— approximately 35 miles northeast of the community of Cabrera, in Dominican territorial waters.

Most species of the Dominican fauna are on exhibit at the Museo de Historia Natural (Museum of Natural History), the Acuario Nacional (National Aquarium), and the Parque Zoológico Nacional (National Zoological Park).
In parks where the animals are allowed some freedom to roam about, park rangers escort and supervise visitors. Info: Phone 809-378-2149  |  www.zoodom.gov.do

If you want to enjoy the opportunity of seeing animals and plants in their natural habitats, you can book an excursion to observe the wildlife. Info: see OPETUR Directory

Cultural Square

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The Plaza de la Cultura, an oasis for the city with its huge gardens, majestic fountains and ancient trees, just as its name suggest, is a cultural center located right in the heart of Santo Domingo. It has been designed in such a way as to allow access to its installations from three of the cities most important avenues: Máximo Gómez, Pedro Henríquez Ureña and César Nicolás Penson.

The modern building complex houses the Biblioteca Nacional (National Library), the Cinemateca Nacional (National Film Library), the Galería de Arte Moderno (Gallery of Modern Art), the Museo de Historia Natural (Museum of Natural History), Museo de Historia y Geografía (Museum of History and Geography), Museo del Hombre Dominicano (Museum of Dominican History), and the Teatro Nacional (National Theater). A visit to the Cultural Plaza is more than just a pleasant stroll; it is a walk through Dominican culture and history.

The Plaza de la Cultura serves each year as the venue for one of the most important cultural events in the country: the Feria Internacional del Libro de Santo Domingo (International Book Fair of Santo Domingo). This celebration not only honors and promotes national and foreign literature, but also houses other forms of artistic expressions, such as theater, film, dance and visual arts in general.
Phone 809-686-2472

Theaters

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The Teatro Nacional (National Theater) 

Is a modern building located in the very heart of the Cultural Plaza. The main auditorium can hold 1,700 patrons in comfortably designed seats that allow for optimal viewing from any seat. Its state-of-the-art modulated acoustics system can authentically transmit a whisper from stage to audience. Should your stay coincide with the theater season, it would be worthwhile attending a performance.

Máximo Gómez #35, Plaza de la Cultura, Santo Domingo, 809.687-3191


Palacio de Bellas Artes
Máximo Gómez, Independencia, Santo Domingo, 809.687-0504, www.bellasartes.gov.do


Casa de Teatro
Arzobispo Meriño #110, Santo Domingo, 809-689-3430, www.casadeteatro.com


Teatro Las Máscaras
Arzobispo Portes #56, Zona Colonial, Santo Domingo, 809.687-9788, www.teatrolasmascaras.net.do


Teatro Guloya
Arzobispo Portes #205, Zona Colonial, Santo Domingo, 809.685-4856, www.teatroguloya.org


Gran Teatro del Cibao
Av. Las Carreras #1, Santiago, 809-583-1150, Questo indirizzo e-mail è protetto dallo spam bot. Abilita Javascript per vederlo.

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